When utilizing Ethernet Cables, we hear the word CAT5e Cable and CAT6 Cable, so what exactly is the main difference? These two cables are called twisted pair copper cable, each of them have 8 individual insulated copper wires and both of them are normally terminated having an RJ-45 connector. So what’s the important deal?
The initial Ethernet data standards used copper coaxial cable to transfer data around the early packet switched networks.
10Base5 networks used fairly stiff 0.375 inch, 50 ohm impedance coaxial cable, and was often characterised by its Creamy Yellow external insulated coating. It was often attached to the wall such as a Dado Rail and it was generally known as Thick Ethernet. It absolutely was built to pass Ethernet signals at 10 Mbps on the maximum distance of 500 metres, which may be extended up to 2500 metres using 4 repeaters.
10Base2 networks utilised 50 ohm impedance coaxial cable which was much thinner plus more flexible than 10Base5, nevertheless the Ethernet signals remained built to be transmitted over this medium at 10 Mbps, albeit over a much shorter distance of approximately 185 metres, that could be extended around 925 metres with the addition of 4 repeaters. Both the 10Base5 and 10Base2 standards are getting to be largely obsolete and twisted pair cable is currently the normal wired network medium.
Twisted Pair Ethernet Cable
10BaseT was made noisy . 1980s plus it mainly used Category 3 cable for transmissions up to 10 Mbs over distances up to 100 metres. Ethernet standards evolved to add faster data rate transmission and also the 10BaseTx 100 Mbps and 1000Baset 1000 Mbps standards were introduced. Cat3 cable wasn’t any longer had sufficient bandwidth a reaction to handle these faster technologies and so the Cat5 and Cat5e cable standards were introduced which allowed data speeds at around 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps respectively. The original Cat5 standard was acceptable for the 100BaseTx transmissions but was quickly superseded by Cat5e because 1000BaseT standard became commonplace.
So what exactly is the difference between CAT5e and CAT6 Cable? Well the cables are constructed in a similar manner with 4 copper pairs, making 8 wires altogether. Each set of two wires are colour coded and twisted around each other in lowering Crosstalk. The Cat5e cable is rated approximately 100Mhz and supports around 1 Gigabit Ethernet, as the Cat6 cable is rated as much as 250Mhz and may support 10 Gigabit Ethernet signals.
Cat6 Ethernet Cable has over 2 twists per centimetre whereas Cat5e Ethernet Cable has only 1.5 to two twists per centimetre. Consequently Cat6 Cable better protects against Crosstalk. Another difference is that the sheath thickness can be greater when comparing Cat6 with Cat5e. A few of the Category 6 cables also have a Nylon Spine and the mixture of this spine along with the thicker sheath protect against Near End Crosstalk (NEXT) and Alien Crosstalk (AXT), that may increase since the frequency increases.
Most Ethernet Cables used are UTP (Unshielded Twisted Pair), because they will be the cables recommended to be utilized involving the peripheral devices for example computers as well as the wall socket. STP (Shielded Twisted Pair) Cables are recommended to be used for outdoor installations as well as for cable runs inside internal walls.
Stranded cables will be more flexible and so are more frequently utilized for computer to wall socket as well as for general home network use, but often businesses usually choose to solid cables in relation to the wiring inside walls and wiring ducts because of its superior strength and enhanced network performance.
In summary, Category 5 enhanced cables are sufficient for some applications for boosts one Gigabit per second, however if you simply anticipate the usage of 10 Gbps Ethernet later on then Category 6 cable will future proof forget about the. Also Category 6 cable, even at the 1 Gbps speeds will give enhanced protection against errors.
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