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How Are The Lenses Of Spectacles Manufactured

While spectacles have increasingly turned into a style statement, these humble companions would be the one object that many of us depend upon each day for the very basic need. There are today many types of frames and fashoins which can be perhaps why we tend to look through the importance of lenses – the important thing component that makes spectacles what they are.

The convex lenses were the first ones to be made to avoid far-sightedness and then came the concave lenses to deal with short-sightedness. A whole lot adopts the building of lenses. Knowing more about how lenses are made might help eyewear users appreciate the steps involved in selecting the best spectacles. For example, were you aware that it is important to choose your frames based on your prescription? It is because, lenses are cut according to the frames and certain prescriptions may well not fit small or thick frames. You can actually understand why plus much more as you continue reading to learn how your prescription lenses are actually made.


Previously, opticians trusted separate optical laboratories to make lenses. However, full-service outlets that produce lenses for clients in the same place are the norm. These outlets get plastic pieces that happen to be injection moulded and search like hockey pucks.

The manufacturing procedure for lenses involves several steps.

Surfacing and blocking

The laboratory technician inputs the optical prescription data in the computer plus it provides a listing with the information necessary for producing the necessary prescription lenses. The next critical step is when the technician marks the actual position of the pupils while you are wearing the glasses (not fitted with all the corrected lenses). This is how a lensometer is utilized by the technician – to locate the positioning.

Next, a lens lathe is used. A lathe is any mechanical device that is utilized to chop a physical object symmetrically. The lathe trims the lens from behind to have the desired thickness and precision.


If it is just out from the lathe, the rear of the lens is rough. Hence the technician places the lens in a fining machine termed as a lap, which polishes it. First, each lens is rubbed against a rough fining pad manufactured from soft sandpaper. Then the laps are taken from each lens and soaked in some hot water for a couple of minutes. And then they may be attached to the lenses and put in the fining machine for polishing. The device then rotates the fining pad inside a circular motion while a polishing compound is given within the lenses.


After polishing, the lens is really a lot thinner than in the event it starts out. However it still must be decrease into a smaller size. The lens has become put in a lens edger with the frame selected for it. The edger works on the digital tracer to capture the three-dimensional picture of the frame through using a diamond cutting wheel, cuts the lens towards the precise measurements provided by the optician.


Here is the final process when the lenses are dipped in a tint container being coated. Coating makes lenses resistance against scratching, anti-reflective or able to block UV rays. The lens usually receives around 16 ultrathin layers of metal oxide coatings. After drying, the lens is getting ready to be inserted in the desired frames.

During the whole production process these spectacle lenses undergo four basic inspections – three of these happening in the laboratory and also the fourth one with the optical outlet. They include examining the optical prescription, verifying the optical centre placement, verifying the frame alignment and visually checking for scratches.

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