Vienna Underground – A Short History

February 14th, 2018
by Anu Haddad

The general public transport in Vienna is not alone on the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and the overground train. You don’t have an exact date for your first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It was a really complicated system. The initial date inside the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which can be nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 plus a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is just a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the entire year, in which the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified through the town of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places within the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 and in the subsequent several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The third first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is known as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last although not the very least, around 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been about the U4 line for 2 years.

1898
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification happened time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 appears to me to be acceptable to Vienna underground.

The midst of the Century
After The second world war, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it was directed at an urban area of three to four million inhabitants, as well as today just isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public areas roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as with other cities. The duties with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. Over these years, there was clearly also a regrettable politicization from the subway question, as the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that the Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion from the centrality with the inner city.
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