Vienna Underground – A quick History

February 14th, 2018
by Anu Haddad

People transport in Vienna is not alone about the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You do not have a perfect date for your first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a very complicated system. The first date in the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method that is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is simply a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the year, where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified from the city of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places within the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the following years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The third first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was termed as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, around 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been about the U4 line for 2 years.

1898
I am inclined to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification took place a while later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 appears to me being acceptable to tunnel boring machine.

The Middle of the Century
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project with the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it absolutely was directed at a city of three to four million inhabitants, and also today just isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public places roads was then often solved in support of private transport: Such as a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as with other cities. The tasks from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. Over these years, there was clearly also a regrettable politicization of the subway question, because the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion from the centrality with the inner city.
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