Vienna Underground – A quick History

February 14th, 2018
by Anu Haddad

People transport in Vienna isn’t alone on the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You don’t have a precise date for that first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It was a very complicated system. The very first date within the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which can be nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is only a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the entire year, where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified by the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places in the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 plus the next years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The third first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is termed as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last although not the least, in 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently around the U4 line for two years.

1898
I tend to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification happened some time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to be acceptable to Wien U Bahn Netz.

The Middle of the Century
After The second world war, the decission was taken in 1946 to go back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it was directed at a city of three to four million inhabitants, as well as today is not around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public roads was then often solved in favor of private transport: As in numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as with other cities. The tasks from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. In these years, there was also an unlucky politicization of the subway question, as the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that the Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality with the inner city.
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