Vienna Underground – A quick History

February 14th, 2018
by Anu Haddad

The public transport in Vienna isn’t alone around the subway. You can find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You do not have a precise date for that first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It was a really complicated system. The very first date within the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which can be nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is simply a matter of changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the year, in which the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified from the city of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places in the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 and in the following many years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The third first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was known as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last although not the least, around 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been about the U4 line for 2 years.

1898
I am inclined to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification happened time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 seems to me to be acceptable to Wien U Bahn Linien.

The midst of a lifetime
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it absolutely was aimed at a city of three to four million inhabitants, and even today isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public areas roads was then often solved in favor of private transport: Such as a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as in other cities. The tasks with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. During these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization of the subway question, since the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion of the centrality of the inner city.
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