Vienna Underground – A quick History

February 14th, 2018
by Anu Haddad

The public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone around the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. There isn’t an exact date for your first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It had been a really complicated system. The first date inside the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which can be nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 along with a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is just a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the season, the location where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified by the city of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places within the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 and in the next years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The third first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is termed as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last however, not the very least, in 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently on the U4 line for two years.

1898
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification occurred time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 appears to me to become acceptable to Vienna subway map.

The Middle of the Century
After Wwii, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project with the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it absolutely was directed at an urban area of three or four million inhabitants, as well as today just isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public places roads ended up being often solved and only private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as in other cities. The duties of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. Over these years, there was clearly also an unfortunate politicization with the subway question, because the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion with the centrality of the inner city.
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