The public transport in Vienna is not alone about the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and the overground train. You do not have a precise date for your first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It had been an extremely complicated system. The very first date in the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something which can be nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is only a matter of changing times.
1925 was the year, the location where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified by the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places within the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 plus the next several years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was called a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last however, not the least, in 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently around the U4 line for 2 years.
I am inclined to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification happened time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 generally seems to me being acceptable to Vienna u bahn.
The Middle of the Century
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project of the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it absolutely was aimed at a town of three to four million inhabitants, and even today is not around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public roads was then often solved in favor of private transport: Such as numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical such as other cities. The jobs from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. Over these years, there was also a regrettable politicization of the subway question, as the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion of the centrality with the inner city.
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