Vienna Underground – A brief History

February 14th, 2018
by Anu Haddad

The public transport in Vienna isn’t alone about the subway. You will find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You do not have an exact date for that first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a really complicated system. The initial date inside the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 plus a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is only a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the season, the location where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified by the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places in the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 and in the following several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The next first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is known as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last although not the least, in the year 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been about the U4 line for just two years.

1898
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification took place a while later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 seems to me to become acceptable to Vienna subway.

The Middle of a lifetime
After The second world war, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project from the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it was aimed at a city of three to four million inhabitants, and even today isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public places roads ended up being often solved in favor of private transport: Such as many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as with other cities. The duties of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. Over these years, there was also an unlucky politicization from the subway question, because the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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