The general public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone on the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and the overground train. You don’t have an exact date for the first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It was a very complicated system. The first date within the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which can be nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is only a few changing times.
1925 was the year, where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified by the city of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places inside the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the following years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was known as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last although not the very least, in 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been about the U4 line for two years.
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification took place some time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 seems to me being acceptable to Vienna metro map.
The center of the Century
After The second world war, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project from the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it absolutely was aimed at an urban area of three to four million inhabitants, and even today is not in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public areas roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: Such as numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as with other cities. The duties of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. In these years, there was also an unlucky politicization with the subway question, as the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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