Vienna Underground – A brief History

February 14th, 2018
by Anu Haddad

The public transport in Vienna is not alone about the subway. You will find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. There isn’t a precise date for the first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It was an extremely complicated system. The first date inside the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method that is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is simply a a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the entire year, where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified by the city of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places within the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the following years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was called a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last however, not the very least, in the year 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently about the U4 line for 2 years.

1898
I tend to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification occurred a while later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 appears to me to become acceptable to Wien Metro.

The center of the Century
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project of the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it had been targeted at a town of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and even today is not in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public areas roads ended up being often solved and only private transport: As in numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as with other cities. The duties of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. Over these years, there is also a regrettable politicization of the subway question, because the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion from the centrality of the inner city.
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